What is scleroderma?
Scleroderma is a rare disorder known as an "autoimmune" disease, i.e. where the immune system does not function properly and attacks the body’s own tissue. Hardening of the skin, known as fibrosis, is the main symptom of this disorder. When only fibrosis is present, this is described as localised scleroderma (or morphoea). Skin fibrosis develops in clearly defined areas. The skin thickens and takes on a waxen appearance. Other symptoms may affect the organs, such as the kidneys, lungs and even the heart. This is known as systemic scleroderma, the most common form. Systemic sclerosis sine scleroderma, a rarer form of the disorder without sclerosis, also exists.